The 'Matador' burner

A Patent for the design was first lodged in 1895 by Erich & Graetz of Berlin. 
Soon many burner manufacturers adapted the design to avoid patent infringements and bought out their own type of burner very similar to the Matador.
The 'Augusta' burner manufactured by Otto Muller in Germany is often mistaken as a Matador because it is so similar!
 The tooling was taken over in the 1960's by Brokelman, Jager & Busse, they continued to manufacture right up to the 1970's when the factory closed.
The tooling for the Matador burner was then purchased by Den Haan of Rotterdam who continue to manufacture the burner today as the 'Ideal' burner.

Despite the appearance of being a round wick lamp it is in fact a flat wick which forms into a circle as it passes through the burner. This clever design allows a large flat wick to fit into a small burner giving a good light compared to an ordinary flat wick burner of the same chimney size.
Many lamp burners, including Matador type, are referred to in 'Lines', (abbreviated to three ticks ''' as opposed to the two ticks used to denote inches), and is a measurement of size. What are 'Lignes'?, click here to find out..!
Although the Matador burner uses a flat wick it is important that the wick is exactly the right width. Too wide and the wick will jam, too narrow and there will be a gap between the ends of the wick when it appears as a circle at the top of the wick tube. This will cause uneven burning, smell and blackening of the chimney.
The design of burner is referred to as 'side draught' because air is drawn into the burner through a triangular 'window' in the side of the wick tube and fed up to the inside edge of the wick. This allows the wick to burn much brighter than if air could only reach the outside edge. The burner can be fitted to a wide variety of founts, including decorative glass ones, because it does not require an air tube through the fount.

The correct chimney for this type of burner is the 'Matador' style, the bulge in the chimney makes the flame into the round form characteristic to this burner.

Left is a standard 20''' Matador burner, showing the elegant chimney.
The fount is from Veritas the English lamp and mantle company who dominated the market through the 1920's and 1930's.


A 'close up of the Matador burner above. This example carries the eight point star mark of Ehrich & Graetz.
Note the mushroom shaped spreader which shapes the flame. These are often missing from lamps because they are just a push fit into the burner.

A modern 'Ideal' burner DHR made on the same tooling as the original Matador.
Note the wide, flat wick which forms round when it reaches the top of the burner. The thread on the burner is the same as a Duplex burner so a Duplex lamp could be 'upgraded' to the increased light output of the Matador.

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